Master´s Thesis 2020 Matter Space Structure

Yuansheng Luo


My research is based on the Renaissance architect“Leon Battista Alberti” , studying the complexity and contradiction in its architecture. This complexity and contradiction comes from his compromise with the collective system and individual system. Alberti’s compromise is reflected in three aspects: the consideration of architectural lighting, the consideration of structural forms and the design of spatial forms. For day lighting, in order to take into account the needs of collective system and individual system, he adopts the methods of juxtaposition, overlapping and share window. For the structure, his compromise is also reflected in the overlapping, juxtaposition and occlusion of the two structures.
In the space, the compromise between these two types of space is represented by the design of gray space, the dialogue between public space and independent space, and the hierarchical order of space.

When I designed the Stora Saluhallen gallery, I didn’t directly copy Alberti’s space and form, but transformed these relationships like overlapping, juxtaposition, and occlusion into the design of the space. This is my transformation from Alberti to gallery transformation. And the individual boxes in my design are generated from the three ideal proportions given by Alberti.

From this research, I found that Alberti was very successful as a classical architect, but due to the limitations of his own time, for example, the starting point of his architectural design was to please the patrons and establish a paradigm for Renaissance architecture. However, contemporary architecture is based on people and puts people’s needs first, so the form can be more flexible, not necessarily a rigid classical space. So we need to learn Alberti’s courage to expose the “ugly” side of the building, which is also the most qualitative part of his building, but this is often overlooked by historians.